1. Macro forces continue to have an impact on the global influence of cities. Political power is rotating back from West to East, and with economic drivers having shifted from agrarian to industrial to information-based, more people live in cities than in rural areas. While New York, London, Paris, and Tokyo still rank among today’s top cities, it appears that Beijing and Shanghai may become significant rivals in the next 10 to 20 years.

    interesting that latin america’s top global cities are buenos aires (22), sao paulo (33), mexico city (34), and bogota (55), while in the middle east dubai (29), istanbul (37), tel aviv (46), and cairo (50) lead the way.

    beirut, along with cairo, are described as examples of emerging ‘geopolitical urban vectors that are becoming a sort of infrastructure for the global economy, which is increasingly not about state-to-state transactions, but rather about urban axes that bring together key cities. These cities rearticulate what the Middle East means as a region. Beirut has long and well established politico-economic networks worldwide; Cairo has the multitudes and a history of empire.’